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A kagune (赫子, red child) is a ghoul's predatory organ and functions as their weapon and claws. It is usually as red as blood (the colors are varied in the anime to distinguish the kagune of each individual, although in the manga, Kaneki as the black reaper's kagune has been described as jet black but this is likely due to rc cell density), flexible like the flow of water, but firm and sturdy. When released, a ghoul's physique is strengthened, they are more resilient, and their mobility heightens. A kagune is composed of Rc cells, which flow just like blood, can become as solid as teeth and can be described as "liquid muscles." The Rc cells are released from a kakuhou piercing the skin, and the released Rc cells form the kagune. The kagune are voluntary muscles as ghouls can control them whenever they want and repeatedly harden and soften them at will. Kagune size depends on the Rc cells' quality and quantity while the shape depends on the creativity and intellect of the user.[1]

Although a ghoul's healing ability is high, the healing of wounds tends to be delayed if the wounds are inflicted by a kagune. It is also evident that in order to counter a kagune in battle, one must also have a kagune. Hence, ghoul investigators use kagune-based quinque as a tactical means to battle against ghouls.

Formation

The three kagune formation stages.

Research conducted by the CCG Laboratory Division resulted in identifying three stages of kagune formation. At their current knowledge, the stages are the same for every ghoul capable of manifesting kagune.

Formative stage

At the point base of the kagune where the Rc cells erupt from the kakuhou, the erupted Rc cells will form bonds with each other. They will organize themselves in the structure best fit for their Rc type in a repeated web. This repeated action of the cells will occur instantaneously and lead to the next stage.

Fixative stage

The bonded Rc cells will retain the resulted form for a fixed length of time. The basic shape of the kagune is seen at this stage. During this time, the defensive and offensive capabilities and weaknesses will take on their respective properties to the ghoul's Rc type. The manifested kagune's appearance is usually hereditary, taking on the shape and characteristics of their genetic predecessors, additionally, kagune size also depends on the Rc cells' quality and quantity while the shape depends on the creativity and intellect of the user. In relation to this stage is the user's manual control of the kagune's movement and actions, which can include crystallization and increase in length, dexterity, sharpness, and concentration.

Disintegrative stage

After time has elapsed, the bonds between the cells begin to break apart. At this point, the kagune loses its solidity and deteriorates.

Rc types

Rc types, positions on the body.

The kagune's appearance and the place of emergence on the body depend on the Rc type of the ghoul. There are four different Rc types: ukaku, koukaku, rinkaku, and bikaku. As a guideline, each type can characteristically subdue another type, although it may be different for two specific opponents. Each Rc type has a set of strengths and weaknesses, each one unique to its type. These are exploited by the CCG in the creation of the quinque and Q bullets.

Ukaku

An ukaku kagune (羽赫, ukaku, "feather-red") is spread out like feathers and is released from the shoulder area, it specializes in high speed attacks, most of the users seeming to have highly enhanced speed. The kagune is lightweight and can be used to deliver high-speed attacks against an adversary, the primary method of attack is crystallizing their kagune to deliver a high speed torrent of spike-like projectiles, however whilst crystallized they are much stiffer and cannot be used for short range combat; at least one ukaku-type can generate powerful lightning-like bolts, a possible rare ability. While the kagune is suited both for short-distance and long-distance attacks, short-range is considered their weakness.[2] They may use their kagune as a shield and several are capable of shaping them into sharp blades reminiscent of a koukaku to aid in close quarters. Many ukaku-types are able to increase the flexibility of their kagune for short-range combat, though this makes it ill-suited for their distinctive long-range attacks.

Ukaku's Disadvantage.png

Altogether ukaku-type ghouls have a high chance of ending a battle quickly as releasing Rc cells depletes stamina. Thus, ukaku-type users lack endurance and are at a disadvantage if the battle drags on for a long time. Ukaku-type users can use their speed and mobility to shoot down bikaku-type users from afar. However, a koukaku-type user can suppress an ukaku-type user by successfully guarding against the ukaku-type user's attacks, leaving them vulnerable to counterattacks and exhausting the ukaku-type user in the long run.

Known ukaku ghouls are: Shinsanpei Aura, Kazuichi Banjou, Fei, Shousei Idera, Kaya Irimi, Sumiharu Katou, Ayato Kirishima, Hikari Kirishima, Touka Kirishima, Kurei, Noyama, Ruchi, Shikorae, Ginshi Shirazu, Seidou Takizawa, Koutarou Amon, Koharu Utsumi, Renji Yomo, Yoshimura, and Eto Yoshimura.

Koukaku

A koukaku kagune (甲赫, kōkaku, "shell-red") is released below the shoulder blade. Due to its high density of Rc cells, it is heavy and extremely robust, giving it the greatest sturdiness and making them very well suited for defense. Normally, they are generally shaped into armors or shields, but on the offense, they can be shaped like melee weapons such as drills, hammers, blades, and swords.

Koukaku's Disadvantage.png

Due to its high weight, a koukaku's speed is inferior to all other Rc types and the kagune is difficult to wield.

A koukaku can fend off an ukaku onslaught using its guarding capabilities. However, a rinkaku kagune can deliver severe strikes against the slow koukaku, breaking their kagune and breaching their defenses.

Known koukaku ghouls are: Hinami Fueguchi, Ryouko Fueguchi, Ching-Li Hsiao, Arata Kirishima, Mairo, Matsumae, Ikuma Momochi, Naki, Nutcracker, Nutcracker's partner, Donato Porpora, Rou, Shikorae, Tanaka, Mirumo Tsukiyama, Shuu Tsukiyama, and Kuki Urie.

Rinkaku

A rinkaku kagune (鱗赫, rinkaku, "scale-red") has an appearance similar to scaled tentacles and is released at the back around the waist. A rinkaku wielder has powerful regenerative abilities and some could even survive the most critical of damage. Its peculiar appearance and structure yields superior striking power and they excel in brute strength. Some rinkaku users are able to manipulate the shape of their kagune, such as changing its usual tentacle form into swords or claws.

Rinkaku's Disadvantage.png

This type's regenerative power is a result of the Rc cells easily binding together. Their Rc cells are similar to liquid. However, this means that the binding force among the Rc cells are weak, therefore making the kagune very soft and easy to break. But because their Rc cells bind so easily, some rinkaku can bind their multiple tentacle-like kagune together to make a larger, stronger kagune. So far the number of tentacles that rinkaku users can create are from one to eight tentacles.

A rinkaku kagune can deliver severe strikes against the slow koukaku, penetrating the kagune and breaching the koukaku's defenses. However, a rinkaku has serious problems fighting against the balanced bikaku kagune: A bikaku has comprehensively high power, allowing them to fight against the brute-force rinkaku, and the rinkaku kagune softness makes it comparatively easy for the bikaku to cut the kagune off. This disarms a rinkaku no matter how much strength it may possess, leaving the rinkaku at a disadvantage on the defensive. It has been shown that in some cases, a bikaku attack can disable a rinkaku's regeneration.[3]

Known rinkaku ghouls are: Yuuri Akanuma, Asa, Asaki Fueguchi, Hinami Fueguchi, Nimura Furuta, Hajime Hazuki, Hooguro, Rize Kamishiro, Ken Kaneki, Kinko, Kie Muramatsu, Yakumo Oomori, Rio, Rio's brother, Wobbegong, Kanae von Rosewald, Karao Saeki, Kurona Yasuhisa, Mayuzumi, Nashiro Yasuhisa, and Saiko Yonebayashi.

Bikaku

A bikaku kagune (尾赫, bikaku, "tail-red") typically has a tail-like appearance and is released around the tail-bone/coccyx. It is good for medium-distance attacks and has decent offense, defense, and speed. Thus, they have no notable strengths or weaknesses like the kagune based on other Rc types, meaning the kagune itself is treated as a surprise "trump card." The number of tails a bikaku user can create is usually one, but some can create more.

Bikaku's Disadvantage.png

A bikaku has better speed and durability against the brute-force, breakable rinkaku, allowing them to cut off the rinkaku's kagune. However, a bikaku will be overwhelmed by the faster ukaku-user and will lose against the ukaku's long-range attacks.

The balanced characteristics makes the kagune a preferred quinque type for inexperienced investigators.

Known bikaku ghouls are: Big Madam, the Bin brothers, Cain, Demon Yamada, Touma Higemaru, Matasaka Kamishiro, Akashi Kobayashi, Enji Koma, Uruka Minami, Miza Kusakari, Tooru Mutsuki, Nishiki Nishio, Noro, Nutcracker, Shikorae, and Yumitsu Tomoe.

Rare abilities

In some cases, a ghoul's kagune can possess several unique abilities. While the kagune's basic structure itself is quite simple, the occurrences concurrent with these phenomena are unexplained, however they have been accredited to highly concentrated amounts of Rc cells.

Pseudo-electrokinesis

The kagune while in use may be surrounded by a lightning-like aura, capable of generating electricity that can be utilized in an offensive and destructive manner. This is not a learned characteristic, but is hereditary, originating from the kakuhou. Note this ability may be passed onto a quinque, shown by Narukami and T-Human. This ability has only been shown in ukaku type ghouls.

The known ghouls able of this ability are Touka Kirishima and Renji Yomo. Hikari Kirishima is hinted to have this ability, as she is Touka’s mother and Yomo’s sister, and Narukami seemed to be created from her.

Pseudo-pyrokinesis

Thus far, this has only been demonstrated by Tatara in kakuja form, however, the mutated Rc cells were able to generate heat and flames reaching 4000 degrees Celsius.

Rc cell blast

The kagune/quinque will release a high amount of condensed Rc cells and shoot them off in the form of a destructive wave or beam. The only ghoul shown to use this ability was the Taxidermied Owl.[4] The quinque Higher Mind utilizes this ability as well.[5]

Healing

In both an ukaku and rinkaku ghoul this skill has been present, suggesting it may be an ability all Rc types are capable of. The wounded may be healed from injuries such as large fatal wounds to needing whole bones replaced. Whether they are another ghoul, human (albeit with added complications involving increased Rc factors), or the owner of the healing kagune, healing can be achieved within varying time parameters. Unlike electrokinesis, healing is not exclusively hereditary but can be learned like a skill which can be improved over time with experience, an example being Nico's experience healing humans, describing it as a "trick." Only Kazuichi Banjou and Nico have exhibited this ability.

Shape-shifting

This ability to alter the users appearance has only been shown by Uta and Roma Hoito, indicating its uniqueness.

It can be used to revert the physical appearance of the user back to how they looked in their younger years, as Roma used it to keep herself looking young.[6] The ability can also mimic the appearance of others well enough to fool even those familiar with the individual being mimicked. This includes creating detailed facial features and body structures to be realistic enough to function much like a real body, as shown by Uta.

Furthermore does the ability allow the user to alter the shape of the body as desired, as shown by Roma who morphed her hand into a clawed version of increased size.[6] The extend of how far the body can be altered by this method is unknown.

Unique states

Kakuja

Main article: Kakuja

When ghouls repeatedly cannibalize other ghouls, they (rarely) develop an abnormal kagune apart from the common predatory kagune. This kagune typically takes an armor-like shape, and ghouls with such a kagune are called kakuja.

This abnormal transformation kagune also takes after the Rc types.

Known kakuja ghouls are: Ken Kaneki, Arata Kirishima, Yakumo Oomori, Seidou Takizawa, Kurona Yasuhisa, Underground King, Tatara, Yoshimura, Yan, Koutarou Amon, Noro, Eto Yoshimura, Roma Hoito, Uta, Rize Kamishiro, Daikichi Washuu, Yoshiu Washuu, Tsuneyoshi Washuu, Yoshitoki Washuu, Matsuri Washuu, Kichimura Washuu, and Shikorae.

Chimera

Main article: Chimera kagune

When ghouls with different Rc types have children, there is a small chance they will inherit abilities from both parents and be born with a chimera kagune. This trait appears to be extremely rare, with only two known examples appearing in the series.

Known chimera ghouls are Hinami Fueguchi and Nutcracker.

Rc cell absorption

A unique ability only observed in the ghoul Shikorae.

The exact mechanisms of this trait are unknown. The ghoul absorbs Rc cells from their environment, stores them in his body and is then able to release them at will. Allowing them to utilize all four types of kagune. Though, unlike a ghoul with a chimera kagune, they are unable to utilize more than one kagune type at once.

Such a ghoul has a chance to turn into a kakuja upon absorbing Rc cells from a Dragon Orphans.[7]

Detachment

Though the method has still not been explained, some ghouls possess a rare ability to detach part of their kagune. This detached piece maintains its traits for some time, and continues to function separate from the main body. Detachment can be used in several ways:

  • kagune wall, which buries into the ground and sprouts like a thorn bush or other organic barriers. It extends itself to fill the entire area, making passage impossible.
  • kagune trap, which can be buried within any surface, and coils up on itself. These traps will lie in wait until nearby movement triggers them, bursting from their hiding place to impale what has set them off. It appears to be possible to set more than a half-dozen traps at a time, though the exact limitation is unknown.
  • kagune signal, which is able to transmit data similar to a distress signal. How the information is transferred as well as received is unknown, but a small piece of kagune can reveal the owner's location. It has only been shown to work one-way so far.

It is possible for ghouls to use their detached kagune in more destructive and offensive ways. For instance, Koutarou Amon uses the kagune from his arm to complete the form of his damaged quinque, Doujima 1/2.[8] Nico can create massive chain of detached parts to attack their enemies.[9] On the other hand, Eto and Donato Porpora have demonstrated the ability to use the detached pieces of their kagune to manipulate and restrain targets.[1][10] Matsumae has shown the ability to detach pieces of her kagune and plant them into a wall, sprouting a kagune wall from them which makes passage impossible.[11] While Roma Hoito has shown the ability to detach parts of her kagune to inform others of her location during imprisonment.[12]

Other ghouls use a pseudo-form of detachment, were they break parts off of their kagune to use them as quinque-substitutes. These include Kurona Yasuhisa and Ken Kaneki to form sword-like weapons[13][14] and Tooru Mutsuki to create knife-like kagune shards[15]. This is no real form of detachment as the separated part of the kagune is no longer able to operate on its own, unlike the case with the normal form of detachment, were the kagune acts autonomous after being separated from their user.

Known ghouls capable of detachment are: Donato Porpora, Shinsanpei Aura, Eto Yoshimura, Koutarou Amon, Matsumae, Nico, Nutcracker, and Roma Hoito.

Known Kagune

Image Ghoul Type Description
Ayato Kirishima Ukaku Like his sister, Ayato's kagune were vermilion in color. He was able to form a single wing on both of his shoulders. Like many ukaku ghouls, he was agile and able to shoot bullets from both wings when in the crystallized mode. However he also suffered from a low Rc supply and therefore tired if a battle was dragged out for too long and was ill suited for close range, however, he has managed to evade both weaknesses of an ukaku through utilizing his kagune in a koukaku-like manner, making close range his specialty rather than his weakness. He was able to hide within his kagune mid-air, with the two wings revolving around him to shield him from projectiles such as bullets. In :re, his kagune appeared to be much larger in size, as he also possesed the ability to generate one wing of his kagune, and has better control over it. His crystallized kagune wings could transform into sharp blades sprouting from his shoulders.
Eto Yoshimura Ukaku Eto's skill with her kagune is far more advanced than most ghouls. After the timeskip, her kagune takes the form of multiple grotesque appendages attached to her back. These appendages can be shaped into eyes, mouths, arms, and legs in order to suit Eto's purposes. Her kagune appears to be an extension of her consciousness as the mouths often speak incoherent sentences, possibly her thoughts at the moment.
Kaya Irimi Ukaku Her kagune takes the form of two beetle-like wings with a tail between them.
Kazuichi Banjou Ukaku Banjou has a kagune which he never used in battle, as it serves as his healing factor.
Koharu Utsumi Ukaku Koharu's kagune resembled a pair of thin dragonfly wings, delicate and ill-suited to combat. She quickly ran out of stamina, and was defeated without launching any significant attacks.
Koutarou Amon Ukaku He appears to have an ukaku kagune of decent power, capable of firing off numerous projectiles. These can easily blast holes into another ghoul's body, as demonstrated during his brief battle with Shikorae. He exhibits great accuracy, able to hit all four of Ginkui's mouths with four projectiles in an instant. These can vary in size, from small to human-sized, and being powerful enough to pierce through the body of a quinx and to break through Urie's kagune. He also demonstrated that he can form a tentacle which can attack from short to mid-range. He is able to release round bullet-like ukaku attacks, which chopped off Takizawa's leg and broke his full kakuja into pieces.
Renji Yomo Ukaku Befitting his moniker, Yomo's kagune takes the form of two black wings (two large black talons in the anime) sprouting from his shoulders. It can launch great waves of crystalline projectiles. His kagune is also capable of producing lightning-like bolts composed of Rc cells in a similar fashion to Narukami able to crack the quinque.
Seidou Takizawa Ukaku The kagune features the Owl's distinctive "plumage" of spikes along his shoulder blade, which can fire a barrage of crystallized Rc cells across long distances, and can also swiftly shred through flesh. These crystallized shards can destroy quinques like the one Chuu Hachikawa wielded with ease. Takizawa's shards can also vary in size, some growing to be as large and wide as a pillar when fired from his kagune. He also has the unseen ability to extend his kagune into a large wing, which differs from Yoshimura's usage. During the battle on Rushima, he demonstrates greater versatility and is able to rapidly shape his kagune into a multitude of shapes. This includes forming an elongated and armored limb for greater striking power, a large scimitar blade from his right shoulder, sharp tentacles he uses for stabbing, and precisely-aimed projectiles that batter rather than pierce the target.
Shinsanpei Aura Ukaku His kagune takes the form of a blade which wraps around his right arm. Later on, the blade features a large eye at it's shoulder base during his fight with Renji Yomo.
Skull Masks Leader Ukaku She possessed an ukaku kagune.
Sumiharu Katou Ukaku Katou possessed an ukaku kagune in the shape of two wings with drills growing out of them. He was capable of shooting the drills towards his targets. They contained enough concentration and strength to penetrate a sheet of metal.
Touka Kirishima Ukaku During the time of Touka's fight with Shuu Tsukiyama, she formed a single ukaku wing and control her kagune with ease. As time passed, Touka gained a second wing with projectiles of a much larger size. Additionally, her kagune stopped the projectiles of Kiyoko's Zebizu and Mougan's Higher Mind, upon emerging, even canceling the attack for a brief moment of time.
Yoshimura Ukaku He has two to four kakuhou that form spikes and fires fast projectiles very rapidly. The other two kakuhou form concentrated Rc that fans out as heavy shotgun pellets and pours down through cover. With two types of ammunition in his arsenal, Yoshimura has the firepower to take down many unprepared foes. Despite his tall and bulky frame, he is quick to overpower many opponents in a matter of seconds. Unique to Yoshimura, he has shown the ability to shoot Rc projectiles out of his entire body, not just his kagune.
Arata Kirishima Koukaku Arata's Kagune took the form of four tentacles. Being a Koukaku, his kagune specialized in defense.
Ching-Li Hsiao Koukaku Hsiao's kagune takes form of a sword and shield. She has recently shown the ability to wrap it around her legs in order to strenghten her kicks.
Donato Porpora Koukaku His koukaku kagune resembled a long tentacle formed from intertwined strands of sinew and an outer layer covered in cross-like shapes. It was capable of ranged attacks, and allowed him to extend it over long distances and spear targets with great precision. In spite of the type's greater weight, he was able to wield it with incredible speed, attacking faster than the eye can follow.
Fuka Koukaku Fuka possesses a Koukaku Kagune in the form of a sword.
Ikuma Momochi Koukaku Ikuma has a shell-like kagune, which encases his left arm when in use. However, as he is unused to fighting, it is fairly weak.
Kuki Urie Koukaku His kagune has an armored structure that covers his shoulder and upper arm, as well as a long blade. This blade is almost as long as his leg, and easily slices through the flesh and bone of enemy ghouls. After he had frame 4 released, his kagune increased in size and gained another blade. He is also now capable of producing a shield from his kagune, wielding it alongside his koukaku blade.
Matsumae Koukaku After saving Karren, Matsumae displayed the ability to detach her kagune in the form of a wall. In the Auction, her kagune was two jagged tentacles. During her fight with Hairu Ihei, her kagune took the form of a sword and shield. The shield had great durability, being able to block a consistent series of strikes from T-Human (though she has shown concern how long it will last). As commented by Hairu, its attack is in a whack-a-mole-like fashion.
Mairo Koukaku Despite being a heavy-type, Mairo's kagune is a thin, arm-length blade the width of his arm. It can also be utilized as a short javelin, connected to the body through threads.
Mirumo Tsukiyama Koukaku Mirumo's koukaku takes on the form of an irregular sword, in similar shape to his son's, albeit with a tighter coil. The kagune is complimented by smaller intricacies such as an accentuated edge of the blade tip and vine-like bulges layering it. While not much is known about the kagune's capabilities, it is implied to have some rather significant force based on the result of his spar with Matsumae, who was stated to have the greatest skill of the young servants.
Naki Koukaku As a koukaku user, Naki utilizes his kagune as a broadsword-like blade on his right arm. He has shown proficiency in battle. During the Auction Mopping-up Operation, he was seen killing four investigators with a single swing and with other Doves struggling to keep track of how many he had killed in the battle. He was shown giving Amon a lot of trouble during their battle and also being able to stand against Shuu Tsukiyama in battle as well.
Nutcracker's partner Koukaku His kagune resembles a pair of shields coming from below his shoulder blades, which frames his arms. He can use them to block or strike, and possesses strength sufficient to shatter pillars.
Rou Koukaku Rou has a large koukaku kagune that sprouts from beneath her left shoulder, with the base forming a flower-like structure that covers her shoulder blade entirely. The kagune has a flexible, whip-like cord of flesh connecting the flower-like mass to a structure similar to a spear. Rou wields her kagune with her left hand.
Ryouko Fueguchi Koukaku It had the appearance of flower petals that spread to four sides. It was able to defend against the attack of any kagune. It included both, offensive and defensive capability.
Shuu Tsukiyama Koukaku He can form a linear metallic ribbon that can wrap into a flexible spiral that doubles as armor to shield his upper body. To extend his reach, he can form it into a large, sword-like blade that is suited to thrusting and stabbing.
Tanaka Koukaku Tanaka's kagune was simply one large tentacle of fairly strong ability that vaguely resembled that of Uruka Minami's bikaku in his own koukaku form and was capable of grabbing, throwing, and attacking opponents.
Asaki Fueguchi Rinkaku Its appearance was similar to a spine tied together. It was suited to high-speed combat and had a sharp cut.
Hajime Hazuki Rinkaku Hazuki displayed his kagune in his fight against Shuu Tsukiyama, possessing two tentacles. In Frame B, he could release up to four or five tentacles. His kagune was also able to form multiple mouths, similar to Ken Kaneki.
Hooguro Rinkaku Hooguro's kagune takes the form of two small and thin double jointed appendages emerging from the center of his upper back that meet and form a long and straight blade where they meet. The blade can easily cut straight through anyone he slashes at, as seen through his battle with the Oggai.
Karao Saeki Rinkaku He possessed a kagune with several tentacles, allowing him to attack from a distance. He also had a strong regeneration ability, which allowed him to recover almost instantly from his injuries.
Karren von Rosewald Rinkaku Karren is able to create up to six whiplike tentacles, with a ribbonlike shape that wraps around itself like a vine. During the extermination, Karren's kagune can now turn into one massive tentacle with mouths forming on it.
Ken Kaneki Rinkaku Kaneki's kagune is portrayed in the anime as bright red, becoming a darker shade as it neared the tips. In the Tokyo Ghoul:reanime, it has changed to a red-violet color. Kaneki initially displayed his kagune in his fight against Nishiki Nishio, possessing three tails which repeatedly impaled Nishiki before throwing him, saving him and Hide while having little control over them. After his torture, Kaneki was able to produce four tentacles in his battle with Yamori, which were capable of pinning down and overwhelming an incomplete kakuja. During the raid on Kanou's lab, Kaneki's kagune further developed into six tentacles, albeit in an unstable mental state, and while he fought Kishou Arima, Kaneki was able to manifest eight tentacles which are able to be shaped into small hands, which have an enormous range and destructive force enough to damage V14's pillars. As Haise Sasaki, he is able to control and manipulate the shape of his kagune at will, and command the tentacles to process different tasks at once. He is also noted to have a better control over his kagune than natural-born ghouls. In his fight with Karren von Rosewald and Eto Yoshimura, Sasaki was able to shape his kagune into more intricate forms, and his kagune is greatly larger, with the potency of neutralizing Owl's kakuja. After devouring Eto's kakuja, his kagune is able to form multiple eyes and mouths. Even while exhausted, he was able to manifest it fast enough that Hajime and the rest of the Oggai could not react, and was able to quickly devastate the vast majority of them. By the time of his final confrontation with Furuta, Kaneki's kagune had grown to a massive size, it's thickness dwarfing that of a human being, in addition to it's length growing as well.
Kichimura Washuu Rinkaku Furuta displayed his kagune in his fight against Eto, possessing one to two tentacles that could easily slice through Eto’s kakuja while she was in a weakened state. During his fight with Marude, he could produce three tentacles with spikes, each resembling Kaneki's first centipede-like incomplete kakuja. One of the tentacles were able to produce a wide mouth with teeth. During the defense of Tokyo, Furuta brandished four massive and thorned tentacles similar to the ones developed by Dragon, easily shredding into an unprepared Kaneki. During his duel with Kaneki, Furuta's kagune became a large black mass with multiple eyes that worked in the manner of tentacles, able to expand through large distances and form into numerous spikes.
Kie Muramatsu Rinkaku Kie possesses a Rinkaku that takes the form of a pair of tentacles, said Kagune specializing in the brute force it wields.
Kurona Yasuhisa Rinkaku She is capable of creating up to two tentacles from her waist. Like all rinkaku types, she overpowers her opponents with brute strength. In addition, she mostly fought alongside with her twin sister and added pressure to their enemies with their combination attacks, similar to the Bin brothers. After the timeskip, she can produce several more tentacles and shape them into claws, as well as blades, to suit her purposes.
Nashiro Yasuhisa Rinkaku She was capable of creating up to two tentacles from her waist. Like all rinkaku-types, she overpowered her opponents with brute strength. In addition, she mostly fought alongside her twin sister and added pressure to their enemies with their combination attacks, similar to the Bin brothers.
Rize Kamishiro Rinkaku Her kagune was special because it had an abnormal regenerating factor even among the rinkaku types. She was able to summon up to six tentacle claws, portrayed as bright red in the anime. While slim, each claw could cut deeply enough to fatally injure anyone effortlessly, human or ghoul. Yoshimura explained, despite having a superior cellular regeneration, if sufficient damage harmed her vitals then even with a fast recovering body it would not regenerate from fatal wounds; like the steel beam that crushed her waist and ultimately led to her "accident."
Saiko Yonebayashi Rinkaku Saiko's kagune was initially portrayed as two tentacles resembling a reptilian tail. What she utilizes during the Rosewald Investigation appears as a colossal insectoid structure with additional tentacles protruding from its end, being easily several times bigger than Saiko herself. Saiko is said to have the highest explosive power in the Quinx Squad and her kagune appears strong enough to take huge gouges out of concrete structures. It takes a significant amount of stamina to use, as Saiko has been consistently seen panting on the floor after a single usage, and requires recovery time for each blow and her body is left vulnerable while using it. After the Tsukiyama Operation, she is able to control her kagune more efficently, and for longer periods without any noticeable stamina loss. She can control its shape, either using it as several lashing tentacles or its giant form. Her kagune was able to temporarily subdue Koutarou Amon and later incapacitate his kakuja form.
Yakumo Oomori Rinkaku As a typical rinkaku user, the kagune mainly added strength and regenerating abilities. Yamori had mastered his kagune to an extent where he could shape it into various forms at will.
Yuuri Akanuma Rinkaku Yuuri's kagune resembled thick, segmented whip-like tentacles.
Akashi Kobayashi Bikaku Akashi has shown that he is a capable bikaku user and uses it by enhancing his strength, speed, and reflexes.
Big Madam Bikaku Big Madam possessed a massive Bikaku kagune, resembling a thick tail that could be extended a great distance.
Bin brothers Bikaki They both had one bikaku tail.
Cain Bikaku Cain possessed a bikaku with a barbed end, though the full extent of his abilities remained unknown.
Demon Yamada Bikaku He had a bikaku kagune that took form as a long butcher knife.
Enji Koma Bikaku His kagune takes the form of a monkey tail. His uses for it are mainly prehensile, using it for agile movement on surfaces such as walls and using it to dodge attacks rather than using it as an actual weapon in combat.
Matasaka Kamishiro Bikaku His kagune resembles the tail of an orca. It is much larger than the average bikaku however, and being that these are such a balanced kagune, this only makes it all the more deadly and powerful.
Miza Kusakari Bikaku Miza's kagune takes the form of three massive blades, used to slice effortlessly through flesh and bone.
Nishiki Nishio Bikaku While adept at combat, Nishiki uses his wits rather than brawn when in battle. His kagune pushes his foot to increase the power of his kicks even further. However, his kagune seems to only enhance his leg strength and isn't viable for any other task. As a typical bikaku user, Nishiki makes certain care that his trump card kagune isn't exposed. After the timeskip, Nishiki has completely mastered his kagune's abilities. It can vary in length and size, ending in a double-pronged tip. Rather than wrapping his kagune on his leg to strengthen his kicks, Nishiki now uses the kagune as a weapon by itself.
Noro Bikaku Noro had a very thick, lamprey-like kagune with a functional mouth. With it, Noro destroyed the CCG's computer system and assassinated the CCG's forces with minimal effort. During the Rose investigation, Noro easily annihilated the Quinx and Kuramoto Squads, killing many members during the assault.
Tooru Mutsuki Bikaku His kagune possesses several segmented edges. He is able to extend it to long distances and use it to block, make powerful attacks, or to bind an enemy. At first, he was only able to manifest a single kagune, but after his experience with Torso, he is now able to produced several kagune tails. During the Goat Wipeout Operation, he displayed his ability to shape his kagune into a cocoon as a form of insulation against Yomo's electrokinesis. During the Defense of Tokyo, it is revealed that he is able to trace the kagune formations of others and use their own kagune against them.
Touma Higemaru Bikaku Higemaru's kagune resembles a long tail that seems to have a claw-like design on the base of the tail, his kagune was potent enough to hold off Amon for a short period of time. Higemaru can activate a frame 3 kagune that resembles a long, scaly tail that is forked at the end. This kagune was powerful enough to strangle and bind Amon in his kakuja form.
Uruka Minami Bikaku Minami's bikaku resembled a lizard's tail, and had extreme flexibility. She alternately used it like a whip, or a sword wrapped around her arm. She was also capable of burrowing her bikaku in the ground and attacking with it from below.
Yumitsu Tomoe Bikaku Yumitsu's kagune takes the form of three-pronged tails. She claims that the kagune is exceptionally sharp for a bikaku, but this sharpness comes with an unusually rapid drain of Rc cells, similiar to an ukaku.
Nico Unknown Nico's kagune takes the form of a single thick tail that has multiple extensions coming from its end. His second version kagune takes the form of a spine that has the appearance of boney lovehearts attached together.
Roma Hoito Unknown She was shown to be able to create up to eight slender tentacles that produced from her abdomen and can send them into the ground to surprise opponents from unexpected angles. She could also create one large kagune tail that she was able to wield with great proficiency.
Tatara Unknown His kagune was capable of easily slaughtering an entire squad of CCG investigators before approaching Seidou. In Tokyo Ghoul √A, his kagune was seen for a brief moment before his confrontation with Seidou. His kagune in the anime looked like a large, thick, blood red tail, and in the manga, his kagune resembled a long, thin and skeletal tail and the tip of it resembled a spearhead.
Uta Unknown Uta's kagune takes the form of a tail which can strike opponents from a distance. He can release up to six of these tails.

Trivia

  • It has been stated by eto yoshimura that the size of a kagune is determined by quality and quantity of rc cells while it's shape is determined by creativity and intelligence. This also seems to apply to kakuja as yoshimura wanted his to look like eto's and kaneki's looks like a centipede
  • While the abilities of a ghoul's kagune can be primarily inferred based upon their Rc type, several ghouls' kagune differ in appearance and/or function from what their Rc type would normally imply.
    • Yumitsu Tomoe's bikaku kagune drains her stamina significantly, to the point she prefers not to use it in battle.
    • Ayato Kirishima can use his ukaku kagune for long periods of time with little drain in his stamina. He also excels in close-quarters combat, despite those of the ukaku-type typically being better-versed in ranged combat. Both him and his sister's kagune are unusually flexible for ukaku.
    • Yoshimura's ukaku kagune takes the form of a long blade, resembling a koukaku-type kagune and functioning just as well in close combat.
    • During the Auction Mopping-up Operation, Matsumae sprouts hers koukaku into several versatile threads much like a rinkaku's to carry Kanae von Rosewald away.[16]

References

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